Preventing Cataract

Cataracts is damaging of one’s vision that usually occurs as the person gets older. It does not hurt yet it has a major impact on a person’s vision (not in the early stages, though). Cataract is a gradual process formed when the clear lens inside your eye becomes misty or cloudy.

Symptoms

When in early stages, cataracts rarely have effect on one’s vision. Depending on the location of the cataract in the eye (cortical, posterior subcapsular or nuclear), symptoms will vary. Further, depending on the extent and type of the cataract, symptoms patients may experience are the following:
Glare and sensitivity to bright lights
Colors appear faded
Difficulty reading due to reduced black-white contrast
Double or blurry vision
Cloudy vision
Difficulty driving at night

To cure cataract you have to undergo surgery. Surgeries of this type have a very high success rate and they are carried out under a local anaesthetic. Usually, cataracts form on both eyes, yet one is likely to be affected before the other. Cataracts aren’t gender-specific, meaning they affect both men and women. In younger people, cataracts may develop due to an injury to the eye or if a person is suffering from diabetes. Although it isn’t a common case, it is been known for some babies to be born with this condition. Even though doctors haven’t yet established what causes cataracts, there are some ideas about it. And, as for the cure – the market is full of supplements promising to help slow the progression of cataracts yet they are not effective.
Best ways to try and prevent cataracts are:

•    Quit smoking

If you are a chain smoker, quitting smoking is an equivalent to suicide. Guess what? Smoking is the suicide itself. So, try and quit smoking to save yourself from an early death. Consult with your doctor on the strategies that will help.

•    Reduce alcohol intake

Abuse of alcohol can increase the risk o cataracts.

•    Sunglasses are a must

Ultraviolet light isn’t bad just for the skin but for vision, too! Too much exposure to ultraviolet light may be one of key factors of cataracts development. So, to prevent (at least a bit!) it, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays.

•    Maintain a healthy weight

Exercising most days of the week will keep your weight on a healthy level and will better your overall health. It goes for cataract, too! In case you are overweight or obese, try to change your diet, eat healthier and start exercising. What may help is adding colorful vegetables and fruits to your diet as this way you are giving your body nutrients and vitamins it needs. Both vegetables and fruits have many antioxidants, which will help maintain the health of your eyes.

•    Don’t neglect your health

In case you are diagnosed with diabetes or any other medical condition, make sure you follow your treatment plan. If you neglect your health, risk of cataracts increases. Also, have regular eye examinations. They will help detect any changes on your eye at their early stages. Consult with your doctor on how often you should come and have checkups. 

Questions most often connected to the problem of cataracts are Will I be able to drive in case of cataracts and How do I treat it.

Well, as for the first, driving won’t be a problem as long as you still meet the vision standards for driving. With your regular checkups, your optometrist will be able to spot even the smallest of changes and let you know. He/she will further tell you when the time to stop driving has come (if it occurs). As for the latter, if you have sensed your current state of cataracts is messing with your day-to-day life so heavily that it affects your reading, cooking, driving, etc. then it’s time you asked your doctor to refer you to an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) for some additional consulting, cataracts treatment or cataract surgery.

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