Ways to recognize urinary tract infection in your child

Does your child complain that his urinary tract is burning whenever he is urinating? You are at the right place then. We will let you know how you can detect the infection in your child. 
According to the National Institutes of Health, urinary tract infections are very common throughout the world. But how does this infection strike small children?  Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur due to infection caused in the kidneys, bladder, urethra, or other parts of the urinary tract through bacteria.
There are certain bacteria that remain in the body itself. The bacteria that can cause an infection in the urinary tract generally lives in the digestive tract, vagina or in and around urethra and usually do not create any problem staying there. 
However, if these bacteria enter the urethra region, they might get into kidneys, bladder and other parts of the urinary tract. A bladder infection is something that affects the bladder and leads to UTI without moving upwards towards the kidneys. The bacteria that cause UTI can be eliminated from the urinary tract; however they end up causing the disease in people who are prone to them. For instance, girls are more prone to have this infection than boys. 

Symptoms of urinary tract:

According to studies and doctors, the most common symptoms of a urinary tract infection are:
1.     Bladder inflammation: the lining of the urethra and bladder becomes inflamed and a burning sensation is felt while urinating
2.     Frequent urination: urination becomes very frequent and this might include waking up in the night to urinate. However, often only a small amount comes out as a result of such emergency. 
3.     Sense of urgency: there is a sense of urgency for having to urinate urgently.
4.     Fever: There might be fever as well though mild. This might be accompanied with chills, etc. 
In newborns, children and older people, there might not be symptoms as clear as in other cases. For newborns symptoms like fever or hypothermia (low temperature) can take place. Children might feel irritability, poor eating; lose bowel, alteration in urination pattern.

What causes urinary tract infection?

Urine is normally germ-free; however, bacteria in the urine can cause an infection and grow over there. The infection generally begins at the opening of the urethra, from where the urine starts moving onto the upper part of the urinary tract.

>The main culprit here is a bacterium called E.Colli. These bacteria generally reside inside the bowel and around the anus.

>The bacteria moves towards the opening of the urethra, the reason being poor hygiene and sexual intercourse.

>The bacteria can travel up to the bladder where they can cause an infection.

>If they reach the kidney, the kidney can have a serious infection, if not treated properly. 
Children have the highest level of risk of having this infection. In infants, bacteria can gain entry into the urinary tract via the blood stream from other sites in the body. In younger children, due to the trouble in washing and wiping their hands after the bowel movement, they develop poor hygiene which has been often cited as a reason for urinary tract infection.
When should one seek medical help for Urinary tract infection?
Any child or adult who develops any symptom of UTI should consult a professional for evaluation preferably within 24 hours of its detection. Most medical centers test urine by doing a simple “dipstick” test.

Someone who has develops symptoms of the upper urinary tract that involves the kidneys should got to the doctor immediately. Depending on the situation, the doctor would recommend hospital visit or to go to the emergency department.

Someone who has a lower urinary tract infection should call for a professional for an appointment, preferably on the very day the symptom is detected.

If someone has symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection, it can be really serious. Go to an emergency department right away.

Also, you should go for a treatment when:

You start vomiting incessantly and cannot keep fluids and medication. 
 Health deteriorates after taking antibiotics 
 Going for medication that suppresses the immune system 

Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?

Yes there is. There are a number of home remedies and other treatments available for urinary tract infection. Although rest at home is not recommended and proper medication should follow detection, the following steps helps in reducing the discomfort caused by the infection.
ØComplete all the medication as prescribed by the doctor even if you feel better after half treatment.
Ø Use hot water bottle to ease pain
Ø Consume plenty of water
Ø Avoid spicy food, alcohol and coffee, all of which irritates the bladder
Ø Give up on smoking as smoking agitates the bladder and leads to cancer in the bladder

My name is Rohit Pandey and I work with Genius Leathercraft Pvt. Ltd as a Digital Media Adviser.  You can find my other write-ups at Genius Blog.