Each year, advances in medicine change the way that patients are diagnosed as well as the way that diseases are treated. Each breakthrough, no matter how small it may seem initially, has the potential to drastically change the lives and well-being of people around the world. Here are five of the most amazing recent breakthroughs in medical science.
1. Controlling Diabetes Through Bariatric Surgery
Type 2 Diabetes is one of the biggest medical problems in the western world, but recent developments have uncovered a surprising benefit to bariatric surgery. Even before patients leave the hospital, their diabetes may be under control. This find has resulted in the use of some surgeries to directly treat diabetes, even among those who are not morbidly obese or traditional candidates for the procedure.
2. Identifying Bacterial Infections For Under 50 Cents
Bacterial infections are a common concern in hospitals and nursing homes, but identifying them quickly enough to be treated is a major issue. Thanks to mass spectrometry lab technology developments, patient samples can be tested and confirmed for infection in minutes, and the entire process can cost as little as 50 cents per patient.
3. Development of a Bionic Eye
Officially called Argus II, this development was approved by the FDA in 2013. It works by wirelessly sending images recorded on camera-equipped sunglasses to an implant attached to the retina. Vision is partial, but it improves over time and can greatly improve the quality of life for those who were once limited to darkness.
4. A Way to Stop Seizures Instantly
For anyone suffering from epilepsy, the NeuroPace device can be incredible. Sensors have to be implanted into the brain, but they can then stop send electrical pulses at the first sign of a seizure in order to stop it a nanosecond after it begins. Once implanted into the patient’s brain, it can even be adjusted by doctors to become more effective, and results show a reduction of seizures by up to 40 percent.
5. Handheld Skin Cancer Identification
Treating skin cancer when it is advanced is a lengthy and trying process, but catching the disease early enough makes the ordeal much simpler. Thankfully, 2013 brought about the development of a handheld melanoma imaging device, which can identify skin cancer in an astounding 98 percent of patients.
Although many people may ask, “What is a cord blood bank?,” an increasing number are learning about how these facilities pave the way for medical breakthroughs. From stem cell research to cancer treatments, cord blood has tremendous potential in the medical world.