For many, eye health is not a number one concern. However, eye problems should not be taken lightly. When left untreated, bigger problems can arise and be more difficult to treat. Here is a list of common eye problems that can occur regardless of age.
Commonly referred to as lazy eye, amblyopia occurs when the development of central vision in one eye becomes stunted. Lazy eye can result in nearsightedness, farsightedness, crossed eyes, and the inability of both eyes to work together. In many cases the sufferer will bump into objects on one side and may favor one eye. There are several treatments including prisms, eye therapy, eye patching, and prescription lenses. Early detection increases the odds of making a complete recovery.
Tears are spread across the eye each time the eyelid blinks. These tears protect the eye from infection and foreign matter while keeping the eye smooth. When the eye does not produce enough tears to lubricate the eye, dry eyes will occur. Dry eyes is usually a chronic condition that can be treated easily. Scratchy, gritty, burning eyes are often a sign of dry eye. The most common treatment is lubricating drops. Other treatments include conserving tears and medication to increase tear production.
Conjunctivitis is often called pinkeye. When the thin, protective covering of the white part of the eye, or the conjunctiva, becomes inflamed, it is called conjunctivitis. Symptoms include redness in the white of the eye, increased tear production, yellow, green, or white mucousy discharge from the eye, blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light, and itching and burning of the eye. Pinkeye can be caused by virus, bacteria, irritants, and allergies. Bacterial conjunctivitis should be treated with medicated eye drops.
When the shape of the eye causes an error in the focusing of light, it is known as a refractive error. Refractive errors include myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. Myopia, or nearsightedness, makes it difficult to see distant objects clearly and is very common, even in young children. Hyperopia is the exact opposite, when closer images appear blurry. Astigmatism is when vision is impaired by an irregular curve of the cornea. Vision impairment that occurs when reading is called presbyopia. Routine visits to the eye doctor will help you manage these common refractive errors, suggests Calgary optometrists at Eyeconx.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina is separated from the eye tissue. This usually happens due to a hole, tear, or break. Vitreous gel, a clear eye fluid, deposits behind the retina when the retina becomes torn. This fluid buildup eventually detaches the retina from the back of the eye. Early signs of detachment include flashing lights, floaters, and visual curtain. Retinal detachment can be surgically repaired and vision can be regained.
Eye health is an important part of everyone’s life. The key to good eye health is to have routine eye exams and to tell your optometrist about any issues, concerns, or symptoms you may be experiencing.